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Title: The short Sing-a-Song Stress Test: A practical and valid test of autonomic responses induced by social-evaluative stress
Author(s): D. J. van der Mee, Q. Duivestein, M. J. Gevonden, J. H. D. M. Westerink and E. J. de Geus
Journal: Autonomic Neuroscience
Year: 2020
Volume: 224
Pages: 102612
DOI: 10.1016/j.autneu.2019.102612
File URL: /vuams-pubs/The short Sing-a-Song Stress Test_ A practical and valid test of autonomic responses induced by social-evaluative stress _ Elsevier Enhanced Reader.html
Keywords: Sing-a-Song Stress Test, Social-evaluative stress, Affect, Parasympathetic nervous system, Sympathetic nervous system
Abstract: TheSing-a-SongStressTest(SSST)wasrecentlydevelopedasanalternativetotheTrierSocialStressTest(TSST)toinvestigateautonomicnervoussystemresponsestosocial-evaluativestress.IntheSSST,participantsaresuddenlycuedtosingasonginthepresenceofconfederates.However,theSSSTisstillquitelong(~15min)andthe requirement for confederates makes it labor-intensive. The current study tested whether a shorter(~6.5min),single-experimenter,versionoftheSSSTcanstillreliablyelicitsubjectiveandphysiologicalstressreactivity.Oursampleconsistedof87healthyyoungadultparticipants(agerange:18–35years).DuringtheshortSSSTandaspeededreactiontimetask,inwhichaversiveloudtonesweretobeavoided(TA),wemeasuredheartperiod(HP),sympatheticnervoussystem(SNS)activityusingpre-ejection-period(PEP),skinconductancelevel(SCL),andnon-specificskinconductanceresponses(ns.SCR),andparasympatheticnervoussystem(PNS)ac-tivityusingrespiratory-sinus-arrhythmia(RSA)andtheroot-mean-squareofsuccessivedifferences(RMSSD).TheshortSSSTinducedsignificantdecreasesinpositiveaffectandincreasesinnegativeaffect.MANOVAsontheclustersofSNSandPNSvariablesshowedthattheshortSSSTelicitedsignificantHP(?118.46ms),PEP(?7.76ms),SCL(+4.85?S),ns.SCR(+8.42peaks/min)andRMSSD(?14.67)reactivity.Affective,SNS,andPNSreactivitytothenewSSSTsocial-evaluativestresstaskwereofcomparablemagnitudetothatevokedbytheTAmentalstressor.WeconcludethattheshortSSSTisavalidandcost-effectivetaskforlargescaledstudiestoinducesocial-evaluativestresstoasufficientdegreetoevokemeasurablechangesinPNSandSNSactivityandaffectivestate.

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