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Title: The role of stress reactivity in the long-term persistence of adolescentsocial anxiety symptoms
Author(s): S.A. Nelemans, W.W. Hale, S.J.T. Branje, P.A.C. van Lier, H.M. Koot and W.H.J. Meeus
Journal: Biological Psychology
Year: 2017
Volume: 125
Pages: 91-104
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.03.003
File URL: /vuams-pubs/Nelemans_2017.pdf
Keywords: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) symptomsAdolescenceStress reactivityDevelopmental processesPublic speaking taska
Abstract: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) symptoms demonstrate a marked persistence over time, but little is knownempirically about short-term processes that may account for this long-term persistence. In this study, weexamined how self-reported and physiological stress reactivity were associated with persistence of SADsymptoms from early to late adolescence. A community sample of 327 adolescents (56% boys, Mage= 13.01at T1) reported their SAD symptoms for 6 successive years and participated in a public speaking task,during which self-reported (i.e., perceived nervousness and heart rate) and physiological (i.e., cortisoland heart rate) measures of stress were taken. Overall, our results point to a developmental processin which adolescents with a developmental history of higher SAD symptoms show both heightenedperceived stress reactivity and heart rate reactivity, which, in turn, predict higher SAD symptoms intolate adolescence.

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