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Title: Problem behavior and heart rate reactivity in adopted adolescents: Longitudinal and concurrent relations
Author(s): N. Bimmel, M.H. van Ijzendoorn, M.J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, F. Juffer and E.J.C. de Geus
Journal: Journal of Research on Adolescence
Year: 2008
Volume: 18
Issue: 2
Pages: 201--213
Publisher address: Leiden Univ, Ctr Child & Family Studies, NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Free Univ, Bloemfontein, South Africa
ISSN: 1050-8392
File URL: vuams-pubs/Bimmel_2008.pdf
Keywords: Adolescent, AGE 15 YEARS, Aggression, ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, Arousal, ATTACHMENT, Child, CHILDHOOD, CHILDREN, CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, Gambling, Health Status, Heart, Heart Rate, heart rate variability, HEART-RATE, HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY, LIFE-COURSE-PERSISTENT, Longitudinal Studies, Netherlands, RATE-VARIABILITY, Stress, Time, VARIABILITIES, VARIABILITY
Abstract: The present longitudinal study examined resting heart rate and heart rate variability and reactivity to a stressful gambling task in adopted adolescents with aggressive, delinquent, or internalizing behavior problems and adopted adolescents without behavior problems (total N=151). Early-onset delinquent adolescents showed heart rate hyporeactivity to the stress-eliciting gambling task compared to late-onset delinquent adolescents and adolescents without behavior problems. Heart rate, heart rate variability, and reactivity to stress were not related to environmental factors such as early-childhood parental sensitivity, parental socioeconomic status, or adoptee's health status at arrival. We conclude that the distinction between delinquency and aggression and between childhood-onset and adolescence-onset delinquency is important for the study of stress reactivity in adolescents

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