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Title: Hostility and anger in: Cardiovascular reactivity and recovery to mental arithmetic stress
Author(s): E.J. Vella and B.H. Friedman
Journal: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Year: 2009
Volume: 72
Issue: 3
Pages: 253--259
Publisher address: Univ So Maine, Dept Psychol, Portland, ME 04104 USA Virginia Tech, Dept Psychol, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
ISSN: 0167-8760
File URL: vuams-pubs/Vella___Friedman_2009.pdf
Keywords: Anger, Anger-in, AUTONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS, blood, Blood Pressure, BLOOD-PRESSURE, cardiovascular, cardiovascular reactivity, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, CYNICAL HOSTILITY, DEFENSIVE HOSTILITY, Disease, Evaluation, FREQUENCY-DOMAIN, Harassment, Heart, Hostility, IMPEDANCE CARDIOGRAPHY, Male, MEN, methods, MULTIPLE, Netherlands, Pressure, RATE-VARIABILITY, REACTIVITY, recovery, regression, Risk, Risk Factors, Stress, Students, Time, TRAIT HOSTILITY, WOMEN, WORRY
Abstract: Background: Hostility and anger have been attributed as psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease. Heightened cardiovascular reactivity (CVR), and poor recovery, to provocative stressors are thought to hasten this risk. Purpose: To examine the relationship between hostility and anger inhibition (M), and the moderating situational influences of harassment and evaluation, in predicting CVR and recovery to mental arithmetic (MA) stress using a multiple regression approach. Methods: 48 male undergraduate students engaged in the following 3 minute tasks during recording of the electrocardiogram, impedance cardiography, and blood pressure: baseline, MA, and evaluation. Hostility and AI were assessed with the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale and the Speilberger Anger In subscale, respectively. Results: An interaction between hostility and AI showed high diastolic blood pressure reactivity to the MA task among hostile anger inhibitors. Harassment did not modify this effect. However, harasser evaluation predicted prolonged systolic blood pressure (SBP) responding among men scoring high in AI, and facilitated SBP recovery among those scoring low on AI. Conclusions: The findings highlight the interactive influences of AI and hostility in predicting CVR to stress and underscore the importance of recovery assessments in understanding the potentially pathogenic associations of these constructs. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

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